Thursday, August 27, 2020
Question: Examine about the Ratio Analysis Annual Published Statements. Answer: Presentation: The current report depends on the examination of the proportion for RIO Tinto and BHP Billiton. The proportions will be founded on the zones of benefit, dissolvability, liquidity and effectiveness proportion. Figures extricated are from the yearly distributed explanations of the particular organizations. As clear the current proportion for Rio Tinto has spoken to a rising pattern as the organization in the year 2012 announced current proportion of 1.42 while in the year 2017 the current expanded to 1.71 speaking to that Rio Tinto has been using its advantages for meet its obligation commitments. Rio Tinto then again detailed a solid arrangement of results with higher working income of US $13.9 billion and mirrored a vigorous operational exhibition. BHP Billiton in 2012 revealed a current proportion of 0.93 anyway over the range of six years the current proportion stood unequivocally to 1.85. This gives a diagram that BHP Billiton has had the option to pay its liabilities. The organization posted a solid money related outcomes with positive working income of US $12.6 billion. As needs be, the brisk proportion for Rio Tinto in 2012 stood 0.96 which thusly expanded to 1.32 in 2014. Despite the fact that the fast proportion declined in 2016 to 1.27 anyway in 2017 the brisk proportion expanded to 1.37. This mirrors the organization has adequate resources for meet its transient commitments. The purpose behind increment in speedy proportion is essentially a result of solid basic EBITDA of US $18.6 billion and with a multi year record edge of 44% in 2017. BHP detailed a fast proportion of 0.91 in 2012 which expanded over the range of five years to 1.76. BHP revealed a higher speedy proportion than Rio Tinto as the organization has better figured out how to advantages for pay transient commitments. The explanation behind ascent in brisk proportion is basically a result of $12.6 billion money showing a proceeded with progress in both the profitability and proficiency. Rio Tinto detailed an obligation proportion a lower obligation proportion of 0.47 in 2017 mirroring that the organization has lower extent of benefits financed by resources. The essential purpose behind lower obligation proportion is on the grounds that the organization took proportions of bringing down the obligation to US $3.8 billion out of 2017. BHP Billiton expressed an obligation proportion of moderately stable obligation proportion as the organization detailed obligation proportion of 0.46 in 2017. The obligation proportion of BHP Billiton spoke to a lower level of BHPs resources that is offered by obligation. Sensibly the lower obligation proportion is to a great extent a result of paid off net obligation to US $9.8 billion from US $16.8 billion. The obligation to value proportion speaks to the money related proportion that mirrors the general extent of investors value and obligation utilized to back the benefits of organization (Scott, 2015). The obligation to value proportion for Rio Tinto throughout the years has generally been shifting as in 2012 the organization revealed an obligation proportion of 1.08 in 2013 and most minimal of 0.87 in 2017. There is higher level of obligation that is utilized by the organization to back the benefits. Besides, the expanding security yields and higher expansion with higher valuation of the US value advertise have decreased the unpredictability and altogether brought down obligation for the Rio Tinto. BHP Billiton announced a generally lower obligation to value proportion as in 2012 the proportion stood 0.93 while in 2017 it decreased to 0.87 speaking to a lower extent of investors value and obligation utilized to back the benefits of organization. The basic value costs for BHP Billiton has essentially improved the edges and creates a solid income. BHP Billiton lower net obligation and in accordance with the solid money related execution of non-money alteration of US $0.6 billion. Stock Turnover Ratio: The stock turnover proportion can be characterized as the proportion that speaks to how well the association is viably dealing with its stock (Weygandt et al., 2015). The stock turnover proportion for Rio Tinto in 2012 stood lower to 8.31 anyway over the range of six years it expanded to 11.53 in 2017. This speaks to Rio Tinto generally more slow to change over its stock to the dollar sum. In spite of the more slow stock change rate the market assessments for Rio Tinto chinas flexibly side transformation were executed and drop in the worldwide stock by 10 percent. Besides, the market gracefully for titanium likewise improved in 2017 that was upheld by lower stock and more tight flexibly. BHP Billiton revealed an improved stock turnover proportion of 0.56 in 2012 which further improved in 2017 with the organization announcing stock turnover of 0.33. This speaks to that the organization has been effective in changing over its income rapidly than Rio Tinto to the dollar sum. The essential explanation behind diminished stock proportion is a result of decreased expense of Esconda unit by seven percent bringing about persistent efficiency and ideal developments in stock. The advantage turnover proportion is viewed as the proficiency proportion that helps in estimating the capacity of the association in creating deals from its benefits by contrasting the net deals and the normal all out resources (Williams, 2014). Rio Tinto revealed a moderately steady resource turnover proportion of 0.44 in 2012. Despite the fact that the proportion fell in 2015 to 0.38 anyway in 2017 it stood emphatically to 0.46. The essential purpose behind improved resource turnover proportion is a direct result of solid monetary record, world-class resources and taught designation of capital spots Rio Tinto in the remarkable situation of having the option to put resources into higher worth development and give better come back from its advantages than investors. BHP Billiton announced a declining pattern of benefit turnover proportion. The proportion in 2012 stood 0.65 while in 2017 it felled down to as low as 0.32. This speaks to that the organization has created lower extent of deals from its advantages. In spite of the lower extent of focused deals, the top of the line resources produce critical measure of money from all the stages and with positive asset report and come back to investors of US $4.4 billion. The gainfulness proportion is utilized decide the capacity of the business in producing the income in contrast with the consumption and different business costs that are happened during the specific timespan (Weygandt et al., 2015). Net Profit Margin: The net overall revenue speaks to the level of income that is left over after the use are deducted from the deals. If there should arise an occurrence of Rio Tinto, the net revenue proportion over the range of five years stood moderately steady. The proportion in 2012 stood 17.56 while in 2017 it expanded barely to 20.25. The essential purpose behind improved net revenue is solid hidden income of US $8.6 billion and solid net profit of US $8.8 billion of every 2017. BHP Billiton revealed an overall revenue proportion of 21.21 in 2012 while in 2016 the net revenue declined to - 19.80 mirroring a fall in the edge of benefit for the organization. In any case, in 2017 the edge improved emphatically to stand 15.95. The essential purpose behind ascent in benefit for BHP is a direct result of the US $5.9 billion of inferable benefit in 2017 while the fundamental inferable benefit was US $6.7 billion out of 2016. The arrival on resources shows how the organization is moderately creating benefit in regard its complete resources (Warren Jones, 2018). In the event of Rio Tinto the arrival on resources stood generally turbulent as in 2012 the proportion stood 17.56 while in 2015 it declined to 13.00. The proportion anyway improved to 20.25 in 2017. BHP revealed an arrival on resources of 13.69 in 2012 anyway in 2016 the benefit declined to - 5.19. In the ensuing year of 2017 the advantage has improved emphatically to 5.18. The organization has differentiated arrangement of conveying innovation and applying capital order to extricate most and better yield from its benefits. The RIO Tinto improve return on resources is fundamentally a result of the organization US $50 billion resource with most worth innovative projects to give come back from the benefits. End: On a decisive note the investigation can be closed by expressing that Rio Tinto has generally detailed a solid budgetary presentation in regard to BHP Billiton. The current proportion and brisk proportion remained steadfast for Rio Tinto and the overall revenue mirrors that the organization has better capacity to created deals income from its benefits utilized. Reference List: Gitman, L. J., Juchau, R., Flanagan, J. (2015).Principles of administrative money. Pearson Higher Education AU. Henderson, S., Peirson, G., Herbohn, K., Howieson, B. (2015).Issues in monetary bookkeeping. Pearson Higher Education AU. Narayanaswamy, R. (2017).Financial bookkeeping: an administrative point of view. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.. Schaltegger, S., Burritt, R. (2017).Contemporary natural bookkeeping: issues, ideas and practice. Routledge. Scott, W. R. (2015).Financial bookkeeping theory(Vol. 2, No. 0, p. 0). Prentice Hall. Warren, C. S., Jones, J. (2018).Corporate budgetary bookkeeping. Cengage Learning. Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel, P. D., Kieso, D. E. (2015).Financial administrative bookkeeping. John Wiley Sons. Williams, J. (2014).Financial bookkeeping. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
A History of Flag-Burning and Flag Desecration Laws in the U.S. Banner consuming or befouling isnt special to the 21st century. It previously turned into an issue in the U.S. after the Civil War. Many felt that the trademark estimation of the American banner was compromised on at any rate two fronts in the years promptly following the Civil War: once by the inclination of white Southerners for the Confederate banner, and again by the propensity of organizations to utilize the American banner as a standard promoting logo. Forty-eight states passed laws forbidding banner contamination to react to this apparent threat.Ã Heres a course of events of occasions. The First U.S. Incomparable Court Ruling on Flag Desecration (1907) Most early banner spoiling rules disallowed stamping or in any case damaging a banner structure, just as by utilizing the banner in business promoting or indicating hatred for the banner in any capacity. Scorn was interpreted as meaning openly consuming it, stomping all over it, spitting on it or in any case demonstrating an absence of regard for it. The U.S. Incomparable Court maintained these rules as sacred inÃ Halter v. NebraskaÃ¢ in 1907.Ã¢ The Federal Flag Desecration Law (1968) Congress passed the Federal Flag Desecration Law inÃ¢ 1968 because of a Central Park occasion in which harmony activists consumed American banners in challenge the Vietnam War. The law restricted any presentation of contemptÃ¢ directed against the banner, yet it didnt address different issues managed by the state banner spoiling laws. Verbal Disparagement of Flag Is Protected Speech (1969) Social liberties dissident Sydney Street consumed a banner at a New York convergence in challenge the shooting of social equality extremist James MeredithÃ¢ in 1968. Road was indicted under New Yorks profaning law for defy(ing) the banner. The Court toppled Streets conviction by deciding that verbal vilification of the banner - one reason for Streets capture - is secured by the First Amendment, however it didnt legitimately address the issue of banner consuming. The Supreme Court Rules Against Laws Banning Contempt of the Flag (1972) After a Massachusetts young person was captured for wearing a banner fix on the seat of his jeans, the Supreme Court decided that laws that boycott disdain of the banner are illegally ambiguous and that they abuse the First Amendments free discourse securities. The Peace Sticker Case (1974) The Supreme Court controlled inÃ Spence v. WashingtonÃ¢ that appending gesture of goodwill stickers to a banner is a type of naturally secured discourse. Most states amended their banner contamination laws in the late 1970s and mid 1980s to fulfill the guidelines set in Street, Smith, and Spence. The Supreme Court Strikes Down All Laws Banning Flag Desecration (1984) Gregory Lee Johnson consumed a banner in challenge President Ronald Reagans strategies outside the Republican National Convention in Dallas in 1984. He was captured under Texas banner profaning resolution. The Supreme Court struck down banner despoiling laws in 48 states in its 5-4 Texas v. JohnsonÃ¢ ruling, expressing that banner profaning is an intrinsically ensured type of free discourse. The Flag Protection Act (1989-1990) The U.S. Congress fought the Johnson choice by passing the Flag Protection Act in 1989, a government rendition of the effectively struck state banner spoiling rules. A great many residents consumed hails in dissent of the new law, and the Supreme Court avowed its past decision and struck down the government rule when two nonconformists were arrested.Ã¢ The Flag Desecration Amendment (1990 through 2005) Congress made seven endeavors to overrule the U.S. Incomparable Court from 1990 through 2005 by passing a protected amendmentÃ¢ that would make a special case to the First Amendment. This would have permitted the administration to boycott banner desecration.Ã When the revision was first raised in 1990, it neglected to accomplish the vital 66% greater part in the House. It has reliably passed the House however bombed in the Senate since the Republican congressional takeover of 1994.Ã¢ Statements Flag Desecration and Laws Equity Robert JacksonÃ¢ from hisÃ¢ majority opinionÃ inÃ West Virginia v. BarnetteÃ¢ (1943), which struck down a law requiring schoolchildren to salute the flag:Ã¢ The case is made troublesome not on the grounds that the standards of its choice are dark but since the banner included is our own ... In any case, opportunity to contrast isn't constrained to things that don't make a difference much. That would be an insignificant shadow of opportunity. The trial of its substance is the option to contrast as to things that touch the core of the current order.If there is any fixed star in our protected heavenly body, it is that no official, high or insignificant, can recommend what will be customary in legislative issues, patriotism, religion, or different issues of supposition or power residents to admit by word or act their confidence in that. Equity William J. BrennansÃ¢ from his 1989Ã¢ majority feeling inÃ Texas v. Johnson:Ã¢ We can envision not any more suitable reaction to consuming a banner than waving ones own, no better method to counter a banner burners message than by saluting the banner that consumes, no surer methods for saving the nobility even of the banner that consumed than by - as one observer here did - agreeing its remaining parts an aware entombment. We don't sanctify the banner by rebuffing its defilement, for in doing so we weaken the opportunity this appreciated insignia speaks to. Equity John Paul Stevens from his dispute inÃ Texas v. JohnsonÃ¢ (1989):Ã¢ The thoughts of freedom and correspondence have been an overwhelming power in persuading pioneers like Patrick Henry,Ã¢ Susan B. Anthony, andÃ¢ Abraham Lincoln, teachers like Nathan Hale and Booker T. Washington, the Philippine Scouts who battled at Bataan, and the fighters who scaled the feign at Omaha Beach. On the off chance that those thoughts merit battling for - and our history shows that they are - the facts cannot demonstrate that the banner that interestingly represents their capacity isn't itself deserving of security from superfluous tainting.
Friday, August 21, 2020
Parent Essay For Private Schools: Where to Find the Best ResourcesThere are plenty of excellent resource sites that offer many private school essay for parents samples, each with its own emphasis on particular topics. For example, some sites would require students to engage in a writing exercise, but others would prefer them to analyze a particular situation or debate a particular concept. If the student is just being handed a questionnaire and told to focus on an area, a homework assignment or reading assignment is not going to be enough.Those who attend a public school do not have the benefit of interaction with classmates and teachers. Consequently, they often lack the experience and skills required to tackle difficult assignments. In the event that an assignment is too challenging, they will likely move on to the next one without finishing it. Therefore, it is important to assign the right kind of resources.Students who participate in parent essay for private schools sample proje cts tend to be more motivated and even perform better on standardized tests. This is especially true when parents are involved in the process. Most students will learn valuable facts about a particular topic when they write about it, and as such they are often pleased with the quality of the resources that are provided to them.Students who take advantage of parent essay for private schools samples and who learn something from the experience tend to be happier with their educations later on. This holds true regardless of whether they obtain high grades or if they receive F's or Ds. The more time students spend on activities that lead to an objective learning experience, the better they become at critical thinking and in the process, improve their chances of being successful in the long run.At the same time, private schools have a vested interest in making sure that their students are presented with opportunities to learn. Many educators feel that using student essay for private schoo ls samples will increase their chances of students graduating from high school and getting accepted into college. As a result, teachers will make the effort to support their students' efforts, which helps to produce stronger students.When it comes to selecting the best resource sites for parent essay for private schools samples, students should keep in mind that there are plenty of resources available. In fact, many parents prefer to purchase books that are designed to assist students with topics they are unfamiliar with. This works well because students will more easily learn something when they get it in writing.A parent essay for private schools sample can also be used to develop teaching skills. In the event that students can draw a line between what they read and understand and what they can actually do in their classroom, it will make their learning experiences much more challenging. In addition, this allows them to view their teachers as mentors.Finally, the best resource sit es for parent essay for private schools samples will contain plenty of scenarios, such as one-on-one discussions with parents and professionals. This allows students to interact with people they will likely be able to relate to in the years to come. They will also get to learn a great deal from those who have been in their shoes, people who they will probably find very helpful in their future endeavors.
Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The number of children who are living in poverty have decreased for the first time in almost ten years. The Census Bureau reported a 0.5 percent decrease of Americans living in poverty from 2012 to 2013. Poverty is among the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s contemporary social problems in the Twenty-First Century. According to the Census Bureau, 45.3 million people were categorized as living in poverty in 2013. To address contemporary social problems like poverty, one must take an in depth look at the reasons why there are so many people dealing with poverty and the challenges that arise from trying to escape it. The United States wealth inequality gap is one of the largest gaps in the world. According to the article Causes of Poverty by Anup Shah, Ã¢â¬Å" AlmostÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Poverty began by the oppressing powerful inhabitants creating trades in which the non-powerful inhabitants could not benefit. Even before currency, when barter was the main median of exchange, those who could hunt or gather better than others were the ones who survived. Their mentality of obtaining the most and buying the most stuck. They became the ones with the most currency and eventually their descendants obtained this Ã¢â¬Å"geneÃ¢â¬ of always wanting more. Scientists have debated if poverty is genetic and if there is some sort of characteristic that a person has that could influence their want for riches or desire to accumulate more currency. According to the University of Chicago Press, Ã¢â¬Å" there is a causal effect of genetic diversity on economic success, positing that too much or too little genetic diversity constrains development.Ã¢â¬ They believe that Ã¢â¬Å"the level of genetic diversity (heterozygosity) present in a population causes long-lasting effects on economic development.Ã¢â¬ They argue that if there is more genetic diversity in a population, there can be uneven distribution of economic development. Authors Quamrul Ashraf and Oded Galor of Brown Universit y believe that high levels of genetic heterozygosity increase Ã¢â¬Å"the likelihood of incoordination, distrust, and reduces cooperation and disrupts the socio-economic order. Greater population diversity is thus interpreted as being associated with lower
Friday, May 15, 2020
At the moment there is a restriction on junk food in schools for example vending machines in your school have changed from chocolate bars and crisps to nutri-grain bars and drinks. Junk food is not served as frequently and you may feel disappointed about this. I think the ban is a good thing since statistics show by the middle of the century, 2050, two-thirds of children will be overweight or obese if nothing is done. I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t like to be one of the people in those two-thirds and neither would you. Since action is being taken now by the ban and now we have a second chance to change for the better. We all know that a healthy body is very important and an unhealthy diet results in an unhealthy body. Foods eaten with a high factor of saltÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This plaque will join with the sugar to make acid eventually rotting your teeth.Ã¢â¬ Now you know the reason why the UK is known for having the worst teeth, because of junk food! Whats more being overweight can affect your self-esteem. Removing chemical from junk food could help reduce anti-social behaviour in teenagers, according to the researchers from the University of Southampton. Professor Stevenson and his team from the University discovered that food chemicals found in junk food caused Ã¢â¬Å"psychological harmÃ¢â¬ to normal people. Professor Stevenson said to us: Ã¢â¬Å"We now have clear evidence that mixtures of certain food colours can adversely influence the behaviour of children. Children who eat this are sometimes socially isolated because peers find their behaviour unsettling.Ã¢â¬ Furthermore these food colours or more commonly known as additives found in junk food can lead to hyperactivity. Two groups children found it hard to sit still and concentrate and had problems with reading when given additives during controlled trials. And you were wondering why you got such a low mark in English, because of junk food! Yes we may say some junk food snacks give you an energy b oost. However these snacks only give you a quick energy boost that fades quickly and on a long term basis a person who eats healthy food would do better than a person who eats junk food. Therefore you can see healthy foods help maintain energy levels for longer periods.Show MoreRelatedJunk Food Should Be Banned835 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJunk food is currently banned from school to help decrease obesity, but it may turn out that it is doing more harm than good. Junk food is a favorite amongst students and the ban on it has affected students as well as the schools themselves. The ban on junk food should be repealed, mainly because students will get junk food on their own, but the schools are also suffering from this ban, and finally, studies show that junk food is not the only cause of obesity. The first reason why we need to takeRead MoreJunk Food872 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesJunk food has been getting a bad rap recently in society. It is believed that junk food is a leading factor in childhood obesity and should not be allowed in public schools. Due to this many school systems have enacted bans, or strict regulations that limit or completely exclude junk food in schools. Junk food should not be banned in schools because schools profit and are able to fund education and extracurricular activities through selling it, junk food isnÃ¢â¬â¢t as harmful as one would think, and evenRead MorePros And Cons Of Junk Food801 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRelease the ban! There should not be a reason why junk food is practically banned in the school systems today. The Government makes a huge amount of profit from people buying junk food for themselves and for their kids. Some people know how to control how much they eat and exercise to stay away from obesity. It is in the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s co ntrol of what they can and cannot eat not the governments. The Government should release the junk food ban on school districts because, schools arenÃ¢â¬â¢t making moneyRead MoreEssay On Junk Food935 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Ban of Junk Foods Candy, chips, juice, and fries! Our favorite foods being snatched from our eyes. The topic of whether junk food should be banned or not in schools is becoming more controversial throughout the country. The government has enforced healthy nutritious meals for kids worldwide due to the rapid spread of child obesity. Junk food should not be banned in schools because junk food is not considered the number one cause of obesity, it can help build the school financially and studentsRead MoreJunk Food Should Be Banned In Schools774 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnot junk food should be banned in schools. One side believes that students have the freedom to choose whatever they what to eat. While the other side argues that junk food needs to be replaced by a healthier alternative. There are plenty of different arguments that these sides believes in. For the concern of the health and wellness of the students, schools must completely ban all junk food in school. It has been implied by a number of news sources and other people that school junk food bans areRead MoreThe Importance Of Junk Food In Schools771 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhy Ã¢â¬Å"Junk FoodÃ¢â¬ should stay in school ItÃ¢â¬â¢s been said in multiple states across America that the junk food sold in schools is causing many problems. Problems such as unhealthy habits, affecting the brain, and childhood obesity. The government and many school districts have done multiple things to reduce/stop the problem. They have done research dealing with the junk food and tried banning junk food, which many school districts did not continue with. Junk food should not be banned in schools becauseRead MoreShould Vending Machines Contain Only Healthy Food Throughout All Schools1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesShould vending machines contain only healthy food throughout all the schools in the U.S.? Yuki Sakamoto GGU0580534 Golden Gate University Should states ban junk food in schools? Read MoreArgumentative Essay - Junk Food1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShould the sale of junk food in school cafeterias be banned? In more traditional years, parents had to prepare packed lunch for their kids when going to school. However, in present times, most parents are already incapable of doing such things. This is because they lack the luxury of time with the hectic schedules that they have. Parents tend to just give money to their children to purchase what they need. Given this kind of situation, students are exposed to a variety of options and they areRead MoreJunk Food Should Be Mandatory For School Schools1354 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesit (Josh Billings, 1865). A healthy lifestyle is dependent on the choices of an individual s diet. Junk food will fulfill the desire of one for a short period of time. However, a healthy and maintained body will fulfill the need throughout one s entire life. Therefore, is maintaining an unhealthy diet full of sugar and life-threatening junk the perceptive decision? As perceived, healthy food habits are not something that should be averted, thinking it is petty. In fact, it is a serious matterRead MoreObesity is a Widespread Epidemic Essay1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestall machine filled with every food he could want and more, stuffed behind the thick glass. How likely is it that heÃ¢â¬â¢ll walk past and instead choose a nice crunchy carrot over his Cheetos? Simple choices like these add up over time to make up a lifestyle of habits. A childÃ¢â¬â¢s diet is the building block to their health and the nutrition that they intake at school is vital to the rest of their life. Despite previous efforts to reduce the abundance of junk food within school lunch programs, there is still
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Slavery and Its Impact on Both Blacks and Whites Slavery and Its Impact on Both Blacks and Whites The institution of slavery was something that encompassed people of all ages, classes, and races during the 1800s. Slavery was an institution that empowered whites and humiliated and weakened blacks in their struggle for freedom. In the book, the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, slave Frederick Douglass gives his account of what it was like being a slave and how he was affected. Additionally, Douglass goes even further and describes in detail the major consequences the institution of slavery had on both blacks and whites during this time period. In the pages to come, I hope to convince you first of the mental/emotional andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When women slaves had children they rarely ever had the chance to develop real relationships with their children because the family was separated and sold to different slave-owners. At one point in the narrative, Douglass descr ibed what it felt like to be separated from his loved ones. The thought of leaving my friends and family was so decidedly the most painful thought with which I had to contendÃ¯ ¿ ½ (Douglass, 63). The white masters and slave-owners during the time of slavery were above all cruel, uncaring, and responsible for damaging slaves mentally, emotionally, and physically. Mr. Covey, one of Douglass masters was especially cruel to his slaves. Mr. Covey succeeded in breaking me. I was broke in body, soul, and spirit. My natural elasticity was crushed, my intellect languished, the disposition to read departed, the cheerful spark that lingered about my eye died; the dark night of slavery closed in upon me; and behold a man transformed into a brute!Ã¯ ¿ ½ (Douglass, 38) While black slaves were being tortured mentally and physically by whites, the consequences slavery had on people did not stop here. Whites too were damaged mentally due to their involvement within the institution of slavery. Douglass described several white people who were different before they owned slaves. Perhaps the largest way in which whites were negatively affected by slavery was that they became dehumanized and desensitized to the violence of other people. Another oneShow MoreRelatedThe Issues and Impacts of Slavery in Jeffersons Republic Essay1508 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe Jefforsonian Republican ideology and the impacts of slavery upon it. The chapt er included a secondary source from the author Ronald T. Tanaka correctly named, Within the ÃâBowels of the Republic that identified the issues surrounding Thomas Jeffersons views on slavery in the post-revolution era. Tanaka took an in-depth view on the state of slavery after the American Revolution and the issues Jefferson faced as a result of the slavery of blacks and the ongoing presence of the Native populationRead More The Origins of Chattel Slavery in Colonial North America Essay1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Origins of Chattel Slavery in Colonial North America There have been many illuminating studies in the field of the origins of chattel slavery in Colonial North America. Alpert, 1970; Edmondson, 1976; Jordan, 1962: Ruchames, 1967; Starr, 1973, wrote seminal studies that did much to bring insight to the subject. Goetz, 2009; Mason, 2006; Smaje, 2002; Neeganagwedgin, 2012, presented evidence that have either reexamined old questions or used new methods and approaches to ask news questionsRead MorePost Traumatic Slave Disorder, And The Elephant1380 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageskey points included the pathology of race, cognitive dissonance, the intergenerational impact of slavery on African-Americans, rape during slavery, her experience of being embraced in South Africa, the perspective on learned helpness, and the elephant, the dynamics of male and female relationships within the context of slavery and modern times, how media plays a role in pot traumatic slave disorder, and how blacks cope with post traumatic slave disorder. All of these key p oints were important for theRead MoreNegative Impact Of Racism In America1702 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdifferent race based on the belief that one s own race is superior. Aside from that, racism has had a very tremendous impact on American history. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s caused many great events to occur and has bought change to better the lives of people. Although there has been many achievements and efforts in decreasing racism it still does exist today, although less in intensity it still negatively impacts American society today. Where it all began Now there have been many cases of racism in America but the greatestRead MoreBlack Movements Of America By Cedric J. Robinson1530 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Black Movements In America is written by Cedric J. Robinson, who is a professor of Black Studies and Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Robinson traces the emergence of Black political cultures in the United States from slave resistance in the sixteenth and seventeenth century to the civil rights movement of the present. He also focuses on Black resistance which was forged from a succession of quests such as The return to Africa; escape and alliances with anti-colonialRead MoreNarrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseverything and become a writer, newspaper editor, and most of all one of the most influential abolitionist. In telling his story, Douglass paints a realistic picture of slavery. Douglass s narrative spells out the slaveholders tactics in simple terms while highlighting the moral inefficiencies and the damaging effects of slavery on both the slave and the slaveholder population in detail. Douglass would have loved for his narrative to make it onto southern plantations and ultimately into the handsRead MoreVoices Beyond Exploitation : Gender Norms And Racial Bias1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdown their personal stories of how slavery and social restrictions have impacted their lives. At first they would write in small paragraphs and poems, but later they would create collections of slave and feminist literature, that once published reached a range of people across the world. They would often write literature that would express their personal thoughts while exploring the impacts of oppression, restriction of freedom and religious beliefs had. Slavery is easily defined as a system in whichRead MoreSlavery And Its Impact On America1353 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Slavery in America had a tight hold over the southern half. It was primarily located in the southern portion and African American slaves were held on large plantations and out in the fields. Some were even leased int o the industrializing factories. Ever since slavery in America started, slaves were considered property. Every black person was a white persons Ã¢â¬Å"propertyÃ¢â¬ . Now American had a belief, a belief that every man were entitled to God-given rights. The rights could not be stripped fromRead MoreThe Revolution That Never Happened Essay1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa historic year in the struggles against slavery in the French colony of Saint-Domingue. The French Revolution played an important part in influencing the Haitian Revolution of 1791; it gave way to the Haitian Revolution which consisted of many other separate revolutions that occurred at the same time. Saint-Domingue, now known as Haiti, had the most wealth in terms of crops that could be excavated by black slaves. Toussaint lÃ¢â¬â¢Overture was a former black slave who was forced to pick up these crops;Read MoreBlack Slavery : An Essential Part Of The American Economy1744 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages During the 1800s, black slavery was an essential part of the American economy. Abolitionism, a movement existing concurrently with the institution of slavery, arose aiming to eradicate the practice of slavery and to provide equal rights for black Americans. Determined abolitionists turned to literature, activism, and progressive action to work toward their goal. Extreme abolitionists even went was far as participating illegally in a network of northbound trails located in the south which
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theToulmin Essay for American Physicians and Surgeons. Answer: Introduction Abortion is one of the most debated topic of today, this is an international issue which has gained a lot of critics as well as support. Abortion is the process by which the fetus is removed from the womb of the mother. There are diverse opinions to this issue there are people who believe that abortion is a crime because it involves the killing of an infant. Other people are have the opinion that abortion is the choice of the mother whether she wants to give birth to the child or not. Apart from the two sides of the topic there is a third side as well, ethically abortion is not justified but there are cases when the baby is needs to be aborted it might be for the safety of the mother. When there are complications in the pregnancy when the mother is suffering from certain diseases that might affect the child as well (Morrell, Kathleen and Wendy Chavkin). Discussion Ethically abortion is not justified because the child has his right to live, it does not matter whether the child is born or not. The people who are against abortion say that right from the point the fertilization is done the development of embryo starts and then it takes the form of fetus and gradually turns in to a full grown child, so the fetus is also living. Just because it has not taken birth does not mean it is not alive or his right to live is lesser than others (Smyth, Dawn, and Paula Lane). According to Christian ethics abortion is a very serious crime, a sin as defined by the church. The Christian ethics strongly condemns abortion. Not just Christianity, abortion is condemned even in Islam. As per some religious of viewpoints both abortion and contraception practices strongly opposed. Right from the implantation till the child is being conceived, the fetus is considered as living and it is a crime to kill any living being (Keogh et al.). The people who are in support of abortion are called Pro-choice, their argument is that every individuals have the right to make their own choices so it is the right of the parent whether they want the baby or not, abortion in the early stages is permissible as per the legislation of many countries. Medically abortion in the later stages of pregnancy is not allowed because it causes harm to the women. Abortion should not be considered as murder in the early stage, which is the first ten to twelve weeks. It is proved by the scientific research that even if the fetus begins to develop a face, arms, legs, etc by the tenth week, it does not have a consciousness and it is not considered as a human being. There have been many arguments on this topic concerning what is right about abortion and what is not. The Pro-Life activist, those who are against abortion say that it is completely a crime to abort the fetus at any phase of pregnancy to this some of the extreme pro-abortionists say that the mother has the right to kill her baby even a week before full birth (Kaczor and Christopher). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists furnished a statement that said: "Abortions are necessary in a number of circumstances to save the life of a woman or to preserve her health. Unfortunately, pregnancy is not a risk-free life event." There are cases that lead to termination of pregnancy so that woman's life can be saved it as includes severe infections, heart failure and severe cases of preeclampsia, a condition in which a very high blood pressure is developed and can cause stroke, says Erika Levi, a obstetrician and gynecologist at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. "There are certain cases where ending the pregnancy is the only option, cases where it would be putting the mother's life at risk to continue the pregnancy." The reason behind most of the abortions is health issue (Giubilini, Alberto and Francesca Minerva). The topic of abortion is very sensitive and requires to be handled very sensitively. Abortion is one of the most controversial topics because it is very difficult to judge which side is right. Cassing Hammond, an associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, says cases in most of the cases it is the doctors who decide whether it is safe for a pregnant woman to deliver a fetus or not (Coleman and Priscilla). If the abortion is done for the health issues it can be justified otherwise there is no point of justifying abortion. People who are against abortion strongly oppose abortion saying it is against the human rights. If the fetus would have not been aborted it might have happened that child would have successfully taken birth and nobody has the right determine who lives or who dies (Coleman and Priscilla). Conclusion Abortion is ethically a crime, there are people who are on support of abortion but apart from serious health issues it is not fair to justify abortion. The child has right to live and his or even his biological parents cannot take her right away. Killing a fetus is completely against the human rights. Pro-choice activists cannot completely be opposed because what they claim is rationally right. Killing is a very sensitive issue and mostly it is being looked emotionally rather rationally no matter what the reason is killing is always a crime and cannot be justified, moreover it is not the right of ordinary human being to decide who should live and who should die. References Coleman, Priscilla K. "Post-Abortion Mental Health Research: Distilling Quality Evidence from a Politicized Professional Literature."Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons22.2 (2017). Giubilini, Alberto, and Francesca Minerva. "After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?."Journal of medical ethics39.5 (2013): 261-263. Kaczor, Christopher.The ethics of abortion: Womens rights, human life, and the question of justice. Routledge, 2014. Kao, Grace Y. "Working Contextually and in Solidarity with Others."Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion31.1 (2015): 115-121. Keogh, L. A., et al. "Intended and unintended consequences of abortion law reform: perspectives of abortion experts in Victoria, Australia."J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care43.1 (2017): 18-24. Morrell, Kathleen M., and Wendy Chavkin. "Conscientious objection to abortion and reproductive healthcare: a review of recent literature and implications for adolescents."Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology27.5 (2015): 333-338. Saunders, John. "Doing good medical ethics: a Christian perspective."Journal of medical ethics41.1 (2015): 117-120. Smyth, Dawn, and Paula Lane. "Abortion in modern health care: Considering the issues for health?care professionals."International journal of nursing practice22.2 (2016): 115-120.